Sword Types

  • Bayonet: A blade adapted to fit the muzzle end of a rifle. The first bayonets were made at Bayonne, France. The word entered the English language in 1672
  • Cutlass: Short heavy sword with curved single-edged blade used as a weapon by sailors and pirates
  • Dagger: A short stabbing weapon with pointed blade
  • Dirk, Durk: Single-edged Scottish dagger with blade about 15 inches (38cm) long
  • Epee, épée: Narrow round, double-edged or triple-edged French sword heavier than a foil with bowl-shaped guard used for dueling and fencing, which has for its target the entire body
  • Fencing Foil: Narrow four-sided French thrusting weapon with bowl-shaped guard used for fencing, which has as its target the opponent's torso
  • Flambergé: Malaysian double-edged sword with wavy multiple-curved blade usually over 18 inches in length
  • Katana: Japanese single-edged sword
  • Kris, Kriss: Malaysian double-edged dagger with wavy multiple-curved blade usually under 18 inches in length
  • Light Sword: Shorter version of the classic "knightly" double-edged longsword common to various European cultures dating from the late Medieval period.
  • Longsword: Classic "knightly" double-edged sword common to various European cultures dating from the late Medieval period.
  • Rapier: A long, narrow French sword lacking a cutting edge, often with swept-, basket- or cuplike hilt, used in the 16th and 17th centuries for thrusting
  • Saber, Sabre: Single-edged military sword with slight curve
  • Sai: Far-eastern style eight-sided sword used for martial arts practice
  • Scimitar: Near-eastern style single-edged curved saber
  • Shamshir: Type of sabre with a curve that is considered radical for a sword: 5 to 15 degrees from tip to tip. The name is derived from Persian Shamshir in arabic "shamshir", which means "sword" (in general). Typical pre-Islamic Iranian blades used for warfare were originally straight. Curved blades in this period were used primarily for hunting, though examples of curved swords used in battle are present in Greek depictions of Achaemenid Persian soldiers. The curved scimitar blades became popular after the Mongol invasions. The sword now called "shamshir" was popularized in Persia by the early 16th century, and had "relatives" in Turkey (the kilij), Mughal India (the talwar), and the adjoining Arabian world (the saif). These blades all were developed from the ubiquitous parent sword, the Turko-Mongol saber.
  • Stiletto: Smaller version of the Italian 'stilo' dagger with a double-edged almost triangular blade which was easy to hide in clothing
  • Wakizashi: Small Japanese single-edged katana sword